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Citizens could not afford the facility and it failed financially. Wigington was the first black architect to design a home in Nebraska as a student of Thomas Rogers Kimball. Wigington gained a national reputation after moving to Saint Paul, Minnesota, in 1914, where he soon became the senior architectural designer for the city.His legacy includes 60 surviving buildings, among which four are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.By 1900 there were 3,443 black residents, in a total city population of 102,555.Black men and women quickly formed social and community organizations, such as the Women's Club in 1895, devoted to education, respectability and reform.The union helped support integration of public facilities in the 1950s and the civil rights movement in the 1960s.During this period, activists worked both for local and national changes; they contributed to improving conditions for African Americans in Omaha.Matthew Ricketts was the first African American to graduate from a Nebraska college or university, and Silas Robbins was the first African American to be admitted to the bar in Nebraska. Ricketts was also the first African American to be elected to the Nebraska State Legislature.Ernie Chambers, an African-American barber from North Omaha's 11th District, became the longest serving state senator in Nebraska history in 2005 after serving in the unicameral for more than 35 years.
Of the western cities which were new destinations for blacks of the Great Migration, in 1920 Omaha had the second-largest black population, after Los Angeles.
Those who could migrated for work in other areas and problems increased among the remaining population in North Omaha.
Omaha has the fifth-highest African-American poverty rate among the nation's 100 largest cities, with more than one in three black residents in Omaha living below the poverty line.
Long's expedition arrived at Fort Lisa in September 1819.
They reportedly lived at the post and in neighboring farmsteads. Census showed 81 "Negroes" in Nebraska, ten of whom were accounted for as slaves.
Mid-century massive restructuring in railroads and the meatpacking industry cost the city more than 10,000 jobs.